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Apr 28 2021
Apr 28


Before you download a module in Drupal 8, make sure it will be compatible with your Drupal 8 version. You cannot install a Drupal 7 module into Drupal 8 installation if it is not supported. In Drupal.org, to know the module version released by Drupal.org, navigate to the module's page and scroll right to the end.

Actively Maintained Modules

You need to check and verify that the modules you have chosen are actively maintained, updated, and published by the developers. Suppose you encounter any security vulnerabilities or any other issues while developing.

You will get an instant response from the developer/contributor. In Drupal.org, to know the module version released by Drupal.org, navigate to the module's project page and scroll right to the end.


Make sure to choose popular modules to do the job, as you will get more minor issues while developing. To check this, go to the module's project page on drupal.org. Here, you will see the number of downloads and the number of websites currently using that particular module.

Now that you have chosen the module for development let's get started. In Drupal 8, the modules folder hosted in the root directory of Drupal 8 is where you will find the contributed or custom modules.

Things You Should Know Before Beginning Drupal 8 Module Development

Apr 27 2021
Apr 27

Now that you have enough reasons to migrate to Drupal 8 or 9 from Drupal 7. We have listed out ten essential things that you should remember before you begin the Drupal 7 to 8 migration:

Migrate from drupal 7 to drupal 9

1. Observe and Plan

For a smooth Drupal content migration, first Identify the content types and structure of the existing site and note down the observations. Note down the field types, blocks, content types, taxonomies, etc.

Note down what you need to migrate and what you need to merge based on these observations. Check the Views and other site configurations and note them to replicate them in Drupal 8.

2. Create a checklist of Drupal 7 website modules

First, identify modules that you still need, or if the Drupal 7 module has moved to Drupal 8 Core. keep in mind that not every Drupal 7 module is automatically migrated to Drupal 8. Some of the Drupal 7 modules may have put their functionality into a single Drupal 8 module, and some may have separated their features into two or more Drupal 8 modules.

3. Update to the latest available version

Update your Drupal 7 to the latest available version of Drupal 8 or 9. It will ensure cleaner automatic upgrades of Drupal 7 modules with direct Drupal 8 or 9 upgrade paths.

4. Access.

Before migration, make sure you can access the Drupal 7 website's database and files - both public and private.

5. Backup your website

Before you start the Drupal 7 migration process, make sure to create a backup of the Drupal 7 website and use it for the Drupal 8 migration. Although the Drupal migration does not modify the source, It is still not good to migrate a live functional website.

6. Download a fresh installation

Download a fresh installation of Drupal 8 and again, remember, it MUST be FRESH! If you have done configurations or created content, it will be overwritten automatically when a Drupal 8 upgrade is performed.

7. Familiarize yourself

Unlike in previous version upgrades, you cannot perform a direct upgrade from Drupal 7 to Drupal 8. Drupal 8 Migrate module, Drupal 8 Migrate Drupal module and Drupal 8 Migrate Drupal UI module are three modules in Drupal core. You need to familiarize yourself with Drupal 8's migration system and configuration.

8. Decide the choice of migration

Drush (which gives you granular control) browser user interface (more accessible but less control) are two of the choices you have. You can opt for the method that suits your familiarity level and experience.

9. Know your source

The flexibility of the Drupal content migration system allows you to extract content and load from older versions of Drupal and other sources like CSV, XML, JSON, MYSQL, etc.

10. Perform a content audit

Perform a thorough content audit on the Drupal 7 version to identify content you need to migrate to Drupal 8 or 9. For a smooth Drupal content migration, remove the unused and irrelevant content to avoid spending time and effort migrating them.

Also Read: Custom Drupal Development: 10 Things You 'Must' Know For Best Output

Apr 26 2021
Apr 26

Drupal 7 is generally not quite the same as Drupal 8 and Drupal 9. Many structural changes that progress from a Drupal 7 website to a Drupal 8 are more like a relocation project from an unexpected CMS than a product redesign. For instance, the brand new theme and PHP library in Drupal 9 are features that attract most of the Drupal CMS owners.

Drupal Website Development

Fortunately, there is no large building hole between both Drupal 8 and Drupal 9.

Drupal 9 in reality, more like a next minor center overhaul like 8.8 to 8.9 with some newly added features. Remember when you upgraded Drupal 7 to Drupal 8 that led you to rewrite the Drupal from scratch? Don't be scared; Drupal 9 offers the easiest upgrade from Drupal 8. Since Drupal 8 is backward compatible, you will not have to write custom codes after upgrading. If you practice removing the old and deprecated code base, upgrading from Drupal 8 to Drupal 9 will be smooth as butter.

If you are still using Drupal 7, it will reach the end of life by November 2021. To avoid it, you can upgrade your Drupal website to Drupal 8 or Drupal 9. To help you do a smooth upgrade, here is a comparison guide for Drupal 7 Vs. Drupal 8 Vs. Drupal 9.

Drupal Features

Apr 23 2021
Apr 23

Drupal 8 is loaded with several built-in languages ​​to save time and effort for users using Symphony, which has an underlying element called translation, which can create multilingual sites and help you show the site content in multiple languages. Using Symphony, you can translate everything from content to blocks to menus to taxonomy. You can even translate user profiles, image styles, views, text formats, comments, and feeds on your website. In short, Drupal 8 provides the entire site translation.

Apr 22 2021
Apr 22

Custom drupal development methods vary from version to version in Drupal. The one method used in Drupal 7 might not work for Drupal 8. Here are some of the crucial things to keep in mind for the best output of custom Drupal development:

1. Use Configuration Before Code

To avoid hard-coding a class into a theme, make sure to set the values in the configuration and use it with the code to avoid rewriting the code every time you have to make changes. Once you set the value in the configuration, it gives you advanced functionality and "easy to modify" features. It also enhances coding speed and results in high-quality modules.

2. Limit The Usage Of Modules

While working on enterprise-level Drupal websites, it is essential to use fewer modules. Avoid using every single module which is lacking. Experienced developers are in favor of programming their modules rather than reusing the existing ones. A higher number of custom modules will demand more work in the future to maintain and modify your Drupal site. Publish your modules on Github, which helps you avoid using a larger number of custom modules and encourages you to create reusable code with the required configuration.

3. Environment & Coding Standards

Most of the Drupal development companies work in the same development environment to ensure efficient workflow. In such scenarios, the biggest issue is to make sure that the produced code is clean and reliable; the code should make sense to their team members and the larger Drupal community itself. With the Drupal community and distributed teams working together efficiently, you need to follow coding standards to make sure you achieve the project's goals and objectives.

4. Use hook_schema and hook_update_N

Your module will need its database tables if it stores data in the database which is not Drupal entities or nodes, and you are going to use it as content. Make sure to declare the table schema you will need. You can use "hook_schema" in the module. install file. It will be created and removed on its own whenever you install or uninstall a module.

If you want to remove, add or modify columns or modify the schema, you can easily do these changes in an update hook. Use hook_update_N and bump the version number. Other developers or development teams can implement these changes by pulling your code by running "drush updb."

5.Use what Drupal offers

Drupal has several built-in and admin functionality to help you store and display your module's data. You can define the module settings pages using hook_menu; it will enable modules to register paths to help determine how URL requests are handled. You can use the drupal_get_form page callback to define and return the settings that are needed to be stored. One of the key benefits of doing this- you can restrict, submit and validate handlers to the form if the value has to be integers or existing data fetched from an API, etc.

6. Working With Cron

Cron is a time-based task scheduler that you can configure to execute tasks automatically without any manual involvement once the initial configuration is done. Drupal offers several built-in cron functionalities and a task queue for almost every module development. However, in some cases, like your hosting provider doesn't support cron tasks configuration or maybe you are facing issues in configuring it to run correctly, it is essential to check your site's status report to figure out if you can use Cron configuration.

7. Have A Dedicated Place For Your Custom Modules

Suppose you have named your Drupal custom module as "My_shop." In this case, call the new dedicated folder as "/module/custom/My_shop." It's always advised to create a proper place for this type of module so you don't have to struggle a lot when you want to use the new custom module. It also helps you keep the in-built Drupal module downloaded by Drpal.org and custom modules separated from each other.

8. Create A New Module If Necessary

Reuse the existing Drupal modules as much as possible instead of jumping to write one from scratch because the heavy "load" of custom modules can become challenging to maintain and update your Drupal website in the future.

9. Debug Your Module With Xdebug

It is also known as the golden rule to follow when developing custom modules in Drupal. Debugging your custom module code ensures that there are no PHP code bottlenecks, and you're using only the latest code.

10. Use Automated Code Checking Tool

Make sure to use automated code checking tools like Coder to ensure that your code is reliable, clean, readable, and adheres to Drupal’s coding standards. It also helps you ensure that you are following the best practices of your PHP version.

Apr 21 2021
Apr 21

Pros of Choosing WordPress Over Drupal For Website Development:

Ease Of Use – WordPress is a free and open-source CMS in which anyone can change and redistribute its source code. WordPress even offers mobile apps that make content editing, site administration easy on any device.

SEO-Friendly – Sites built using WordPress are SEO-friendly as there are several SEO plugins (such as Yoast SEO) inbuilt to help optimize content, meta tags, keywords, etc.

Responsive – You can use thousands of WordPress themes to make your site responsive and mobile-friendly. Using this market-leading CMS keeps you ready for the emergent responsive web technology.

Cost-Effective – WordPress is free, and even its paid features are less expensive than Drupal. The development, maintenance, and hosting cost of WordPress is lower than Drupal.

E-Commerce – WordPress provides plugins like WooCommerce to help you run your e-commerce site efficiently. Also, it has the features to help you handle the growing demand for your products and services.

Cons of Choosing WordPress Over Drupal For Website Development:

Frequent Updates – WordPress releases regular updates, and if you fail to keep up with these updates, it can bring your site to a screeching halt.

Customization Sophistication – You need to know PHP, CSS, and HTML to write complicated code if you want to add any enhanced feature to your site and

Pros of Choosing Drupal Over WordPress For Website Development:

Rapid Development – Drupal is agile and rapid, which helps developers create and deploy a website's core features and functionality. You can use the modules to cut down development times from weeks to days.

Extensive API Support – Drupal offers a range of API support, including Google Analytics, Facebook, Twitter, Google Apps, YouTube, that help developers create custom modules effortlessly.

Security – Unlike WordPress, themes, and modules are covered by an internal security program in Drupal. Therefore, it is not vulnerable when third-party plugins are uploaded as it is challenging to smuggle malicious content in Drupal.

Cross-Browser Usability and Support – Drupal is easy and suitable to use with almost all major browsers. The website's functionality and design translate as per the browsers.

Access Controls / User Permissions - Drupal has a built-in access control system using which you can easily create new roles with individual permissions in no time.

Cons Of Choosing Drupal Over WordPress For Website Development:

Installation and Modification – Drupal does not offer ease of use as WordPress because of its script, which is not user-friendly and needs advanced technical knowledge to install and modify.

Compatibility – Drupal is not backward compatible; if you have extra content and programs in place that you are customary to, Drupal might not be the right CMS platform for you.

We hope you have sound learning of both, WordPress and Drupal CMS platform’s pros and cons now. Again the choice of the right CMS platform for your business boils down to the question; what is your business requirement?

Feb 28 2020
Feb 28
  • Core Modules: These modules are installed in all the Drupal installation packages; you can say that they are the basic (core) modules necessary for the site designing task, like handling the accounts of the users, providing menus for navigation.
  • Contributed Modules: This module can be downloaded from the official Drupal.org site.
  • Custom Modules: Custom modules are pretty self-explanatory – they’re explicitly coded for individual projects.

So here, we try to list out some of the modules from a Pandora of modules that can be used on the go for your web development, in a hassle-free way.

Read More - Move on to Drupal 8, Be Ready for Drupal 9!

Dec 08 2016
Dec 08

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About Drupal Sun

Drupal Sun is an Evolving Web project. It allows you to:

  • Do full-text search on all the articles in Drupal Planet (thanks to Apache Solr)
  • Facet based on tags, author, or feed
  • Flip through articles quickly (with j/k or arrow keys) to find what you're interested in
  • View the entire article text inline, or in the context of the site where it was created

See the blog post at Evolving Web

Evolving Web